Transport security includes measures and procedures for the protection of high-risk pathogens during transport. During transport of high-risk material, neither the shipper nor the receiver has physical control of the material. The questions in this key area are intended to identify the vulnerabilities surrounding the entire process of packaging, sending and receiving high-risk material. High-risk material is generally understood to mean: biosafety level (BSL) 3 and 4 pathogens (animal and human) and quarantine organisms (plant pathogens), but in the questions the same definitions are used as in the relevant laws and regulations. The European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR) concerns infectious material hazard classes 6.1, 6.2 and 9 (ADR, question 1 and 2), while the European dual-use regulation (no. 428/2009) concerns dual-use goods.
For physical transport of high-risk material (such as infectious micro-organisms, genetically modified organisms (GMOs), diagnostic samples and hospital waste, including toxins) by road, water, rail and air, national/international laws and regulations are in force. Moreover, additional European legislation applies to the export of certain pathogens or knowledge and technologies concerning these pathogens if the pathogens are on the export control list of the dual-use regulation. Prevailing national and international laws and regulations for transport and export control regarding high-risk biological material are included in the explanations of the questions. Some questions only relate to the situation in the Netherlands.
In this biosecurity key area you will gain insight into the following:
- Aspects of registration and management of high-risk materials in storage and during use.
- The assignment of responsibilities for registration and management of high-risk materials.
- Awareness of the difference between biosafety (working safely with high-risk materials) and biosecurity (securing high-risk materials), specifically with respect to localisation and identification.